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喜欢科学,偏爱自然科学。也喜欢技术,儿时喜围观打锡壶的和锔盆锔锅的。当过工人,当过兵,第二故乡是湖南、广西和广东。

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睡眠点滴  

2014-09-09 10:58:39|  分类: 生命与健康 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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(1)

接下来的《论坛》节目:越来越多的美国人睡眠越来越少。这里的根据来自于疾病控制中心的数据。它显示夜间睡眠少于6小时的人数正在增长。而研究显示睡眠少的人患心脏病、肥胖症和糖尿病的风险更高。美国儿科医生协会也发表了一份声明说青少年每天早上应该晚一点上学,这也突显了睡眠不足的事实。接下来我们就要与专家讨论关于睡眠的一系列问题。

(00m13s)

Coming up next on Forum, more and more Americans are sleeping less and less. That’s according to data from the Centers for Disease Control. It shows a growing number of people sleep less than six hours at night. And research shows people who sleep less are at greater risk for heart disease, obesity and diabetes. And the American Association of Pediatricians came out with a statement saying teens should start school later, it lighted the fact of not getting enough sleep. We’ll talk with experts about a whole range of sleep issues. That’s next after this.

(2)

事实上如果你在实验室里唤醒人们并询问他们的梦,以他们的情感来区分,正面的和负面的是一般多的。可是人们以自己的经历,总是认为我们的梦多是负面的,其原因是因为当我们醒来时,负面的梦更容易被记住。可能正是负面的梦让我们醒来,它们是印在我们的脑子里让我们在清晨记忆深刻的梦境。

(38m45s)

It turns out that if you wake people in the laboratory and sample their dreams, in terms of their emotions, they tend to be equally positive and negative. However the reason that many of us think that our dreams are dominated by negative, the sort of experiences, is because they tend to be more memorable that when we wakeup. It’s the drams that negative that perhaps have woken us up and they are the ones that get in printed into our brain that we remember in that morning.

(3)

酒对你的睡眠至少有两个坏处。首先,它使你的睡眠碎片化,于是你整个夜间更频繁地醒来。其次,酒是快速眼动睡眠也就是我们所说的做梦睡眠的一个强有力的抑制剂。因此你在睡前所饮的酒仅仅是镇静你自己,而镇静不是睡眠!我想我们能确认这两件事情,所以,酒是睡眠的一个敌人。

 ——《KQED论坛播客》/《睡眠不足如何增加你生病的风险》,KQED 2014/8/27

(47m14s)

For alcohol does at least two bad things to your sleep. First, it fragments your sleep so you wakeup more frequently throughout the night. And second, alcohol is particularly a potent suppresser of your RAM sleep, that dream sleep that we spoke about. So what you are doing with alcohol before bed is simple sedating yourself. Sedation isn’t sleep. And so I think we can found those two things. So alcohol is an enemy of sleep.

      - KQED Forum Podcast / How Less Sleep Increases Your Risk of Disease, KQED 2014/8/27

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