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喜欢科学,偏爱自然科学。也喜欢技术,儿时喜围观打锡壶的和锔盆锔锅的。当过工人,当过兵,第二故乡是湖南、广西和广东。

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语言两谈  

2014-12-29 15:14:40|  分类: 社会与人生 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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 (1) 双语成年人

报道录音:(母语不是英语的移民到英国的儿童们)7岁时他们的评估成绩明显低于全国平均水平。不过当他们11岁时就追上了全国平均水平,到16岁时他们“展翅高飞”了。

A:他说他们被评估,意思是当他们7岁时,经过了测试并得到了评分。在那时他们的测试结果比其他英国学校里的孩子们差。

B:不过到他们庆祝自己11岁生日时,他们就追上了,他们与这个国家里同龄的孩子们并驾齐驱了。

A:而到了16岁,他说,他们展翅高飞了,这是一个很好的描述这些孩子们的进步的说法。他们有优势,因为他们成了双语成年人——流畅地说两种语言。

(03m36s)

C: Perform just below national averages when they are assessed at seven years old. But by the time they are eleven they’ve caught up with national standards and at sixteen they are flying.

A: He says they are assessed, which means tested and given scores when they are seven years old and at that time they had worse results than children in other British schools.

B: But by the time they celebrate their eleventh birthday they’ve caught up, they become equal with pupils of their age elsewhere in the country.

A: And by sixteen, he says, they are flying, which is a nice way to describe these children’s progress. It’s good for them because they end up as bilingual adults - speaking two languages fluently.

 

(2) 正式语言最多的国家

A:说到学习语言,我想知道我对你的问题的回答是否正确。这个问题是关于正式语言最多的国家。

B:啊,我给你的可选答案是印度、尼日利亚或南非。

A:我选的是尼日利亚。不过现在我想可能是印度。我能修改我的答案吗?

B:如果你愿意你就改吧因为你还是错的。

A:不会吧,真的吗?

B:正式语言最多的国家是南非共和国,有11种语言。

A:11种!

B:有趣的是,印度有18种被宪法认可的语言,可以被认为是正式语言。然而其每一种语言只是一个特定区域的正式语言。

——《六分钟英语》/《语言》,英国广播电台 2014/12/18

(04m41s)

A: Talking about learning languages, I want to know if I got the answer to your question right. The question was about the country with the most official languages.

B: Ah. The options I put you were India, Nigeria, or South Africa.

A: And I said Nigeria. But maybe I think India now. Can I change my mind?

B: You can if you want because you are still be wrong.

A: No, really?

B: The country with most official languages is the Republic of South Africa with eleven languages.

A: Eleven! Mm.

B: Interestingly, India has eighteen languages that recognized by its constitution and can be considered as official. However the difference is that each language is recognized as the official language of a certain area.

-- 6 Minute English / Languages, BBC 2014/12/18

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