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英海听涛

启用你的听觉,更自然地感受更辽阔的世界。——用进废退!

 
 
 

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喜欢科学,偏爱自然科学。也喜欢技术,儿时喜围观打锡壶的和锔盆锔锅的。当过工人,当过兵,第二故乡是湖南、广西和广东。

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早学得自制力,一生受益  

2011-02-28 19:44:35|  分类: 教育与文艺 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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主持人:社会科学家说三件事情对于人生成功很重要:智商;家庭的社会经济状况;自我控制。这些东西中只有一种改变起来稍容易点,这就是自我控制。一个4岁时具有自我控制能力的儿童成人后更可能幸福和健康。这是苔丽·莫费特说的。她是杜克大学的心理学教授。她研究了1000人从出生以来的人生。
教授:在学前和小学时期具有最好的自我控制能力的儿童到30来岁时,可能有更少健康问题,最不容易对任何东西上瘾。
主持人:但自我控制能力差的儿童到年轻成人时就有问题了。
教授:我们发现他们更可能有犯罪记录。
主持人:他们也更可能贫穷或成为单身父母。
教授:最后我们发现自我控制能力低的儿童到30来岁时在财政计划方面会有很大困难。
主持人:这意味着他们更可能负债、信用不佳或宣告破产。莫费特的研究刊登在《国家科学院院刊》上,是迄今为止早期学习自律的回报和自制力能通过学习获得的最好证明。
教授:同卵双胞胎的自我控制能力并不相同。这告诉我们它是学来的而不是继承来的。
主持人:教授自我控制已经成为早期儿童教育的一大焦点。
——《你的健康》,(美国)国家公共电台 2011/2/1x

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听写文稿:

Host: Social scientists say 3 things matter for a success in life: IQ (intelligence quotient), family social economic status, self-control. Only one of those things is easier to change and it's self-control. A child who has self-control of age 4 is more likely to be happy and healthy as an adult. That's what Terry Morphett says. She is a professor of psychology at Duke University. She studied a group of 1,000 young people since birth.
Professor: Children who had the greatest self-control (ah) in primary school and pre-school ages were most likely to have fewer health problems and least likely to be addicted to any kind of substance when they reached their 30s.
Host: But the children who struggled with self-control had problems as young adults.
Professor: We found that they were more likely to have a criminal conviction record.
Host: They were also more likely to be poor or to be single parents.
Professor: And finally we found that the children with low self-control had great difficulty in their 30s with financial planning.
Host: That means they were more likely to be in debt, have bad credit, or have declared bankruptcy. Morphett's study which was published in the Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences is the best evidence yet on the pay-off for learning self discipline early on and it can be taught.
Professor: Identical twins are not identical on self-control. And that tells us that it is something that they had learned not something that they had inherited.
Host: Teaching self-control has become a big focus for early childhood education.
--Your Health, NPR 2011/2/1x

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